Renan, Ernest

(1823-1892)
   writer
   A leading philologist and historian of religion, Ernest Renan, who was born in Tréguier and had been destined for the priesthood since early youth, began seminary studies and had a serious religious crisis at age 22 (related in Souvenirs d'enfance et de jeunesse, 1883), subsequently breaking with the church. in the seminary he had studied Hegel, and that, along with his friendship with other intellectuals like marcelin bertholet, led him to take an historical, rather than a theological, view of Christianity and religion in general. In L'Avenir de la science (1848, published 1888), he affirmed that religion must be replaced by the "poetry of reality." A dedicated philologist, notably in the field of Semitic studies, Renan's visit to Lebanon and Palestine (1860-61) inspired his Histoire des orgines du christianisme (1863-82), a work of critical and rational philology. The first volume, Vie de Jésus (1863), which caused him to lose his chair in Hebrew studies at the collège de france, had a considerable effect in Europe, as much for its poetic style as for its rationalistic interpretation of Christ. While he rejected Catholic doctrines, Renan continued to admire Judeo-Christian history (Histoire du peuple d'Israël, 1887-93), and he always attempted to reconcile religion and science. After 1870, Renan also expressed his skepticism of democracy (La Réforme intellectuelle et morale, 1871) and ecclesiastical structures (Le Prêtre de Némi, 1885). Elected to the Académie Française in 1878, he was named director of the Collège de France in 1883, a post he retained until his death.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • RENAN, ERNEST° — (1823–1892), French philosopher and Orientalist. Renan, born in Brittany, was one of the foremost French savants and authors of the 19th century. Educated for the priesthood, Renan rebelled against the oppressive Catholic intellectual atmosphere …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Renan, Ernest — ▪ French scholar Introduction born Feb. 28, 1823, Tréguier, Fr. died Oct. 2, 1892, Paris       French philosopher, historian, and scholar of religion, a leader of the school of critical philosophy in France. Early career.       Renan was educated …   Universalium

  • Renan, Ernest — ► (1823 92) Filólogo, historiador y crítico francés. Se afilió al racionalismo positivista de la época. Le hicieron célebre sus estudios acerca del origen del cristianismo, en los que negaba los fundamentos divinos de la Iglesia, aunque conservó… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • RENAN, ERNEST —    Orientalist and Biblical scholar, born in Brittany, son of a sailor, who, dying, left him to the care of his mother and sister, to both of whom he was warmly attached; destined for the Church, he entered the seminary of St. Sulpice, where his… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ernest Renan — by Antoine Samuel Adam Salomon, circa 1870s Ernest Renan (28 February 1823 – 2 October 1892[1]) was a French expert of Middle East ancient languages and civilizations,[2] philosopher and writer, devoted to his native …   Wikipedia

  • Ernest Renan — (* 27. Februar 1823 in Tréguier (Côtes d’Armor); † 2. Oktober 1892 in Paris) war ein französischer Schriftsteller, Historiker, Archäologe, Religionswissenschaftler und Orientalist und Mitglied der Académie française …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernest Renan — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ernest Renan Retrato por René de Saint Marceaux. Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Renan — Renan, es una localidad suiza (Europa) del cantón de Berna, está situada en el distrito de Courtelary, uno de los tres distritos francófonos del cantón de Berna que forman la región del Jura bernés. * * * Renan, Ernest …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Renan — (izg. renȃn), Ernest (1823 1892) DEFINICIJA francuski književnik, filozof, povjesničar religije, semitolog; u svojim djelima nastojao premostiti jednu od najvećih suprotnosti svoga vremena suprotnost između znanosti i religijskog vjerovanja; u… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Renan — (Ernest) (1823 1892) écrivain français. Séminariste, il embrassa le rationalisme (l Avenir de la science, 1848, publié en 1890). Sa Vie de Jésus, premier volume d Histoire des origines du christianisme (7 volumes, 1863 1881), fit scandale. Citons …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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